## Blog

### 5 most recent items

20 Mar 2017 : Rise of the Tomb Raider #

Rise of the Tomb Raider was released for PC over a year ago now, so it's about time I got back on track with my quest to complete all the Tomb Raider games. After scouring caverns, military bases, villages and, well, tombs, for artefacts and challenges, I've finally got there again.

It was a good game as always, not as tight as the originals but enjoyable and kept me searching for treasure. Perhaps the biggest surprise was to find myself chasing chickens through tombs as the ultimate game finale.

Here it is, added to my ongoing list of completed Croft games, previously updated a few years back now.

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It was a good game as always, not as tight as the originals but enjoyable and kept me searching for treasure. Perhaps the biggest surprise was to find myself chasing chickens through tombs as the ultimate game finale.

Here it is, added to my ongoing list of completed Croft games, previously updated a few years back now.

- Tomb Raider.
- Unfinished Business and Shadow of the Cat.
- Tomb Raider II: Starring Lara Croft.
- Tomb Raider III: Adventures of Lara Croft.
- The Golden Mask.
- Tomb Raider: The Last Revelation.
- Tomb Raider: The Lost Artefact.
- Tomb Raider Chronicles.
- Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness.
- Tomb Raider Legend.
- Tomb Raider Anniversary.
- Tomb Raider Underworld.
- Lara Croft and the Guardian of Light.
- Tomb Raider (reboot).
- Lara Croft and the Temple of Osiris.
**Rise of the Tomb Raider.**

10 Mar 2017 : Minor Pico victories #

Late last night (or more correctly this morning) my SailfishOS phone completed its first ever successful authentication with my laptop using Pico over Bluetooth. A minor, but very fulfilling, victory. One step close to making Pico a completely seamless part of my everyday life.

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4 Mar 2017 : A tale of woe: failing to heed the certificate-pinning warnings #

As I mentioned previously, last month I discovered rather abruptly that Firefox revoked the StartCom root certificate used to sign the TLS certificate on my site. Ouch. To ease the pain, I planned to move over to using Let's Encrypt, a free service that will automatically generate a new certificate for my site every few months. Both StartCom and Let's Encrypt use a similar technique: they verify only that I have control over the apache2 user on my server by demonstrating that I can control the contents of the site. But the pain hurt particularly badly because I'd been using certificate-pinning, which essentially prevents me using any other certificates apart from a small selection that I keep as backups. Let's Encrypt doesn't give you control over the certificates it signs. The result: anyone who visited my site in the last month (of which there are no-doubt countless millions) would be locked out of it. It's the certificate-pinning nightmare everyone warns you about. So I ratcheted the pinning down from a month to 60 seconds and waited for browsers across the world to forget my previously-pinned certificate.

Today, the 30 days finally expired. In theory, my previously pinned certificates are no longer in force and it's safe for me to switch over to Let's Encrypt. And so this is what I've done.

Check for yourself by visiting www.flypig.org.uk and hitting the little green padlock that appears in the address bar. Depending on the browser it should state that it's a secure connection, verified by Let' Encrypt.

Does the stark black-and-white page render beautifully? Then great! Does it say the certificate has expired, is invalid, or has been revoked? Well, then I guess I screwed up, so please let me know.

I didn't really learn my lesson though. In my desparate need to get a good score on securityheaders.io, I've turned certificate-pinnng back on (thanks Henrik Lilleengen for leading me astray). Nothing could possibly go wrong this time, right?

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Today, the 30 days finally expired. In theory, my previously pinned certificates are no longer in force and it's safe for me to switch over to Let's Encrypt. And so this is what I've done.

Check for yourself by visiting www.flypig.org.uk and hitting the little green padlock that appears in the address bar. Depending on the browser it should state that it's a secure connection, verified by Let' Encrypt.

Does the stark black-and-white page render beautifully? Then great! Does it say the certificate has expired, is invalid, or has been revoked? Well, then I guess I screwed up, so please let me know.

I didn't really learn my lesson though. In my desparate need to get a good score on securityheaders.io, I've turned certificate-pinnng back on (thanks Henrik Lilleengen for leading me astray). Nothing could possibly go wrong this time, right?

22 Feb 2017 : Fedora’s horribly hobbled OpenSSL implementation #

For reasons best known to their lawyers, Red Hat have chosen to hobble their implementation of OpenSSL. According to a releated bug, possible patent issues have led them to remove a large number of the elliptic curve parametrisations, as you can see by comparing the curves supported on Fedora 25:

There’s already a bug report covering the missing covers, but given that the situation has persisted since at least 2007 and remains unresolved, it seems unlikely Red Hat’s lawyers will relent any time soon. They’ve added the 256-bit prime field version since this was licensed by the NSA, but the others remain AWOL.

Wikipedia shows the various patents expiring around 2020. Until then, one way to address the problem is to build yourself your own OpenSSL RPM without all of the disabled code. Daniel Pocock produced a nice tutorial back in 2013, but this was for Fedora 19 and OpenSSL 1.0.1e. Things have now moved on and his patch no longer works correctly, so I’ve updated his steps to cover Fedora 25.

Check out my blog post about it if you want to code along.

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[flypig@blaise ~]$ openssl ecparam -list_curves secp256k1 : SECG curve over a 256 bit prime field secp384r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 384 bit prime field secp521r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 521 bit prime field prime256v1: X9.62/SECG curve over a 256 bit prime fieldwith those supported on Ubuntu 16.04:

flypig@Owen:~$ openssl ecparam -list_curves secp112r1 : SECG/WTLS curve over a 112 bit prime field secp112r2 : SECG curve over a 112 bit prime field secp128r1 : SECG curve over a 128 bit prime field secp128r2 : SECG curve over a 128 bit prime field secp160k1 : SECG curve over a 160 bit prime field secp160r1 : SECG curve over a 160 bit prime field secp160r2 : SECG/WTLS curve over a 160 bit prime field secp192k1 : SECG curve over a 192 bit prime field secp224k1 : SECG curve over a 224 bit prime field secp224r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 224 bit prime field secp256k1 : SECG curve over a 256 bit prime field secp384r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 384 bit prime field secp521r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 521 bit prime field prime192v1: NIST/X9.62/SECG curve over a 192 bit prime field prime192v2: X9.62 curve over a 192 bit prime field prime192v3: X9.62 curve over a 192 bit prime field prime239v1: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit prime field prime239v2: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit prime field prime239v3: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit prime field prime256v1: X9.62/SECG curve over a 256 bit prime field sect113r1 : SECG curve over a 113 bit binary field sect113r2 : SECG curve over a 113 bit binary field sect131r1 : SECG/WTLS curve over a 131 bit binary field sect131r2 : SECG curve over a 131 bit binary field sect163k1 : NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 163 bit binary field sect163r1 : SECG curve over a 163 bit binary field sect163r2 : NIST/SECG curve over a 163 bit binary field sect193r1 : SECG curve over a 193 bit binary field sect193r2 : SECG curve over a 193 bit binary field sect233k1 : NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 233 bit binary field sect233r1 : NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 233 bit binary field sect239k1 : SECG curve over a 239 bit binary field sect283k1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 283 bit binary field sect283r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 283 bit binary field sect409k1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 409 bit binary field sect409r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 409 bit binary field sect571k1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 571 bit binary field sect571r1 : NIST/SECG curve over a 571 bit binary field c2pnb163v1: X9.62 curve over a 163 bit binary field c2pnb163v2: X9.62 curve over a 163 bit binary field c2pnb163v3: X9.62 curve over a 163 bit binary field c2pnb176v1: X9.62 curve over a 176 bit binary field c2tnb191v1: X9.62 curve over a 191 bit binary field c2tnb191v2: X9.62 curve over a 191 bit binary field c2tnb191v3: X9.62 curve over a 191 bit binary field c2pnb208w1: X9.62 curve over a 208 bit binary field c2tnb239v1: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit binary field c2tnb239v2: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit binary field c2tnb239v3: X9.62 curve over a 239 bit binary field c2pnb272w1: X9.62 curve over a 272 bit binary field c2pnb304w1: X9.62 curve over a 304 bit binary field c2tnb359v1: X9.62 curve over a 359 bit binary field c2pnb368w1: X9.62 curve over a 368 bit binary field c2tnb431r1: X9.62 curve over a 431 bit binary field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls1: WTLS curve over a 113 bit binary field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls3: NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 163 bit binary field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls4: SECG curve over a 113 bit binary field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls5: X9.62 curve over a 163 bit binary field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls6: SECG/WTLS curve over a 112 bit prime field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls7: SECG/WTLS curve over a 160 bit prime field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls8: WTLS curve over a 112 bit prime field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls9: WTLS curve over a 160 bit prime field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls10: NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 233 bit binary field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls11: NIST/SECG/WTLS curve over a 233 bit binary field wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls12: WTLS curvs over a 224 bit prime field Oakley-EC2N-3: IPSec/IKE/Oakley curve #3 over a 155 bit binary field. Not suitable for ECDSA. Questionable extension field! Oakley-EC2N-4: IPSec/IKE/Oakley curve #4 over a 185 bit binary field. Not suitable for ECDSA. Questionable extension field! brainpoolP160r1: RFC 5639 curve over a 160 bit prime field brainpoolP160t1: RFC 5639 curve over a 160 bit prime field brainpoolP192r1: RFC 5639 curve over a 192 bit prime field brainpoolP192t1: RFC 5639 curve over a 192 bit prime field brainpoolP224r1: RFC 5639 curve over a 224 bit prime field brainpoolP224t1: RFC 5639 curve over a 224 bit prime field brainpoolP256r1: RFC 5639 curve over a 256 bit prime field brainpoolP256t1: RFC 5639 curve over a 256 bit prime field brainpoolP320r1: RFC 5639 curve over a 320 bit prime field brainpoolP320t1: RFC 5639 curve over a 320 bit prime field brainpoolP384r1: RFC 5639 curve over a 384 bit prime field brainpoolP384t1: RFC 5639 curve over a 384 bit prime field brainpoolP512r1: RFC 5639 curve over a 512 bit prime field brainpoolP512t1: RFC 5639 curve over a 512 bit prime fieldI only discovered this when trying to build a libpico rpm. The missing curves cause particular problems for Pico, because we use prime192v1 for our implementation of the Sigma-I protocol. Getting around this is awkward, since we don’t have a crypto-negotiation step (maybe there’s a lesson there, although protocol negotiation is also a source of vulnerabilities).

There’s already a bug report covering the missing covers, but given that the situation has persisted since at least 2007 and remains unresolved, it seems unlikely Red Hat’s lawyers will relent any time soon. They’ve added the 256-bit prime field version since this was licensed by the NSA, but the others remain AWOL.

Wikipedia shows the various patents expiring around 2020. Until then, one way to address the problem is to build yourself your own OpenSSL RPM without all of the disabled code. Daniel Pocock produced a nice tutorial back in 2013, but this was for Fedora 19 and OpenSSL 1.0.1e. Things have now moved on and his patch no longer works correctly, so I’ve updated his steps to cover Fedora 25.

Check out my blog post about it if you want to code along.

22 Feb 2017 : Building an unhobbled OpenSSL 1.0.2j RPM for Fedora 25 #

For most people it makes sense to use the latest (at time of writing) 1.0.2k version of OpenSSL on Fedora 25 (in which case, see my other blog post). However, if for some reason you need a slightly earlier build (version 1.0.2j to be precise), then you can switch out the middle part of the process I wrote about for 1.0.2k with the following set of commands.

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# Install the fedora RPM with all the standard Red Hat patches cd ~/rpmbuild/SRPMS wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/25/Everything/source/tree/Packages/o/openssl-1.0.2j-1.fc25.src.rpm rpm -i openssl-1.0.2j-1.fc25.src.rpm # Install the stock OpenSSL source which doesn’t have the ECC code removed cd ../SOURCES wget https://www.openssl.org/source/old/1.0.2/openssl-1.0.2j.tar.gz # Patch the spec file to avoid all of the nasty ECC-destroying patches cd ../SPECS wget http://www.flypig.co.uk/dnload/dnload/pico/openssl.spec.ec-1.0.2j.patch patch -p0 < openssl.spec.ec-1.0.2j.patch # And build rpmbuild -bb openssl.specAnd to install the resulting RPMs:

cd ~/rpmbuild/RPMS/$(uname -i) rpm -Uvh --force openssl-1.0.2j*rpm openssl-devel-1.0.2j*rpm openssl-libs-1.0.2j*rpmI’m not sure why you might want to use 1.0.2j over 1.0.2k, but since I already had the patch lying around, it seemed sensible to make it available.